Packagings for Lithium batteries

Lithium batteries are widely used in everyday life due to their ability to provide excellent performance and a long charge. There are mainly two types of lithium batteries on the market:

 

  • Lithium Metal Batteries contain metallic lithium, are NOT rechargeable and have a higher energy density.
  • Lithium Ion Batteries do not contain metallic lithium and are considered more stable over time, commonly used in smartphones, tablets, computers and notebooks.

 

Lithium batteries belong to CLASS 9 MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS GOODS and are classified as:

UN 3090, Lithium Metal Batteries (when shipped alone);
UN 3480, Lithium Ion Batteries (when shipped alone);
UN 3091, Lithium Metal Batteries contained in or packed together with a device;
UN 3481, Lithium Ion Batteries contained in or packed together with a device;

 

Lithium batteries are characterized by “thermal runaway”.

The shipment of this type of products is considered at risk since in case of short circuit, perforation and high temperatures could undergo an uncontrolled and unstoppable rise in temperature. A chain reaction that could lead to combustion and, in the absence of an outlet, to the explosion.

Large quantities of lithium batteries therefore represent a significant safety risk, particularly for aircraft. For this reason, it is no longer possible to ship them in any packaging, but it is necessary to follow precise packaging instructions and shipping methods, referring to the prescriptions in the manuals of the sector, indicated with the following packing instructions:

    • P903 - U.N. 38.3 certified batteries
    • P908 - damaged or defective batteries not at fire risk (also with possible electrolyte loss)
    • P909 - batteries for disposal or recycling
    • P910 – prototypes
    • P911 - batteries at risk of fire

    • LP903 - U.N. 38.3 certified batteries
    • LP904 - damaged or defective batteries not at fire risk (also with possible electrolyte loss)
    • LP905 – prototypes
    • LP906 - batteries at risk of fire

The regulations governing the transport of lithium batteries are increasingly restrictive and carriers are obliged to strictly comply with them, updating themselves and following certified training courses.

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Description: Metal box
Internal dimensions: 1739x1211x495 mm
Approval: 4A/X945/S...
UN Approved for: Lithium Batteries
Regulations: ICAO-IATA, ADR, RID, IMDG

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Description: Package label class 9 for Lithium battery
Dimension: 100x100 mm

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Description: UN approved 4C1 wooden boxes
Internal dimensions: 1150x750x282 mm
Regulations: ICAO-IATA, ADR, RID, IMDG, ISPM15FAO
UN Approved for: Lithium batteries
Approval: Y305

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Description: UN approved 4D Plywood Box
Internal dimensions: 780x580x380 mm
Regulations: ICAO-IATA, ADR, RID, IMDG, ISPM15FAO
UN Approved for: Articles (lithium batteries, aerosols)
Approval: X173

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Description: UN approved 4GV fibreboard boxes
Internal dimensions: 352x340x308 mm
Regulations: ICAO-IATA, ADR, RID, IMDG
Approval: X14

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Description: UN approved 50D Large Package
Internal dimensions: 2250x1400x500 mm
Regulations: ICAO-IATA, ADR, RID, IMDG, ISPM15FAO
UN Approved for: Lithium batteries
Approval: Y/.../1800/1000

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Description: Package label Cargo Aircraft Only
Dimension: 120x110 mm

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Description:
- Inert absorbent material
- 1 bag dim. cm. 45x20x100
- 100 L / 10 kg bags approx
For the absorption of: Acids, bases, oil, water, refrigerants, solvents, caustics and most aggressive substances

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Description: UN approved 4D Plywood Box
Internal dimensions: 1500x1000x1000 mm
Regulations: ICAO-IATA, ADR, RID, IMDG, ISPM15FAO
UN Approved for: Articles (lithium batteries, aerosols)
Approval: Y400

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Description: UN approved 4D Plywood Box
Internal dimensions: 1160x700x310 mm
Regulations: ICAO-IATA, ADR, RID, IMDG, ISPM15FAO
UN Approved for: Articles (lithium batteries, aerosols)
Approval: Y230

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Description: UN approved 4G fibreboard boxes for lithium batteries
Internal dimensions: 175x115x115 mm
Regulations: ICAO-IATA, ADR, RID, IMDG
UN Approved for: Lithium batteries
Approval: Y1,7

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